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Svenska fioler med resonanssträngar

This was originally a viol (viola da gamba) but was later converted to a cello. It contains a label with the text "Johannes George Mothe, en Engelholm, Anno Christij 1751". I have no photos of the instrument but you can find it in Kulturens (a museum in Lund) yearbook from 1937. Mothes viols are similar to Rönnegrens instruments. The lion head is quite similar and the intarsia looks almost the same. This cello has a specific shape with some extra curves of the ribs.

Johan Georg Mohte

Johan Georg Mohte was the first in a family of luthiers in Ängelholm, Skåne. The origin of the family is unknown but they might be from Germany or possibly France. The large variation of spelling of the name makes research harder, even the same individual could spell the name in different ways. Mohte, Mothe, Motte, Måtte, Mote and Moethe are variations that have been used. According to Bengt Nilssons Svensk fiolbyggarkonst Johannes Georg Mothe was born in Dresden in 1695 (or 1690) but Anne Nilsson (author of Fioler) is not sure whether he was born in Sweden or not. Mohte arrived to Ängelholm in 1723 and applied to live there. According to Nilsson and Nilsson Mohte aquired his professional skills in Russia where he was inprisoned for 14 years (I assume it was after the battle of Poltava 1709 after which many Swedes were captured and sent to Siberia). There are two centers for professional luthiers in Sweden during the 18th century, Stockholm and Skåne (Ängelholm) and the Mohte family is among the most influential in the later category. Mohte was inspired by Joachim Tielke in Hamburg and several of his instruments (viols) was similar to Tielkes. There is no evidence that Johan Georg ever was studying for Tielke but it is possible. Johan Georgs son Johan Jörgen was granted priviledges for luthier work in 1748 and he had a son called Önnert who practised violin building in the 19th century. Johan Georgs son in law, Jacob Hellman was also a luthier in Ängelholm.

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NameKulturencellon
TypeViola da Gamba
LuthierJohannes George Mothe
Year1751
OriginÄngelholm, Skåne
Found inKulturen, Lund, Skåne
Playing strings4
Sympathetic strings0
External linkExternal link
Other instruments built by Johannes George MotheKulturengamban
Other instruments with edge intarsiaMohteEdvinMohte 2Arwitgamban M285MeyergambanKulturengamban
Other instruments with a lion headTuppenKarlhamnsfiolenElvisBulanGöteborgsfiolenEdvinSödlingTielkegamban M2475JamtlifiolenBostongambanKulturenfiolenArwitgamban M285DubbeltulpanenTrippeltulpanenKulturengambanNils Nilsson

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