RESONERA MERA!

Svenska fioler med resonanssträngar


Photo: Leif Andersson

This violin is built by Mohte in 1753. The owner found this webside and was then able to identify the instrument as a double-decker due to the 8 remnants of pins for sympathetic strings next to the end pin. The neck or pegbox has later been changed and the instrument was converted to a standard violin. The fingerboard might be a remain from the original neck but its intarsia is somewhat different to other instruments built in or around Ängelholm.

There are some uncertainties regarding the label which I suppose is found in the body. In 1753, both Johan Georg Mohte and his som Jöran, or possibly Johan Jörgen, (1724-1773) was active. A family chronicle tells that Johan Georgs wife died at the latest 1752 and Johan Georg was over 70 years and lived in his son-in-law and apprentice Jacob Hellman. This instrument is somewhat different from the other double-decker built by Johan Georg Mohte which makes me think that this instrument is built by Jöran.

Johan Georg Mohte

Johan Georg Mohte was the first in a family of luthiers in Ängelholm, Skåne. The origin of the family is unknown but they might be from Germany or possibly France. The large variation of spelling of the name makes research harder, even the same individual could spell the name in different ways. Mohte, Mothe, Motte, Måtte, Mote and Moethe are variations that have been used. According to Bengt Nilssons Svensk fiolbyggarkonst Johannes Georg Mothe was born in Dresden in 1695 (or 1690) but Anne Nilsson (author of Fioler) is not sure whether he was born in Sweden or not. Mohte arrived to Ängelholm in 1723 and applied to live there. According to Nilsson and Nilsson Mohte aquired his professional skills in Russia where he was inprisoned for 14 years (I assume it was after the battle of Poltava 1709 after which many Swedes were captured and sent to Siberia). There are two centers for professional luthiers in Sweden during the 18th century, Stockholm and Skåne (Ängelholm) and the Mohte family is among the most influential in the later category. Mohte was inspired by Joachim Tielke in Hamburg and several of his instruments (viols) was similar to Tielkes. There is no evidence that Johan Georg ever was studying for Tielke but it is possible. Johan Georgs son Johan Jörgen was granted priviledges for luthier work in 1748 and he had a son called Önnert who practised violin building in the 19th century. Johan Georgs son in law, Jacob Hellman was also a luthier in Ängelholm.


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson


Photo: Leif Andersson

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NameMohte 2
TypeDouble-decker
LuthierMohte
Year1753
OriginÄngelholm, Skåne
Found inSkåne
Playing strings4
Sympathetic strings8
Other instruments with the same number of sympathetic stringsTuppenMunkenHjelmenKarlhamnsfiolenElvisBulanMohteGöteborgsfiolenEdvinSödlingNorbergsfiolenHammerJamtlifiolenNils Nilsson
Other instruments with edge intarsiaMohteEdvinArwitgamban M285MeyergambanKulturencellonKulturengamban
Other instruments with a scrollNorbergsfiolenDubbeldäckad hardingSpettsToftafiolenBungefiolenHunshultSpele-Jocke

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