Svenska fioler med resonanssträngar

This viol (viola da gamba) is included in the collections of Kulturen in Lund. It is labelled "Jean George Mothe, Engelholm Ao 1735". Unfortunately I have no photos of this viol but there is a picture in Anne Nilssons book Fioler. Viols built by Mohte are quite similar to the instruments built by Rönnegren, with similar intarsia and lion head. The lion head on this particular viol is unfortunately damaged.

Johan Georg Mohte

Johan Georg Mohte, 1690/1695-1765, was the first in a family of luthiers in Ängelholm, Skåne. He was born in Dresden in Saxony in 1690 and probably joined the Swedish army while Karl XII was stationed there after the treaty of Altranstädt in 1706. In 1707 the army marched out from Saxony to start Karl XII:s Russian campaign which ended with the defeat in Poltava 1709 after which the king fled to the Ottoman Empire (Moldova) and the rest of the army surrendered in Perevolotjna and all the soldiers ended up in imprisonment in Siberia. Mothe and other prisoners were released after the treaty of Nystad in 1721 and Mothe joined Arwit Rönnegren and a few other soldiers (Johan Engelberg and Johan Kringelberg) to Scania in May 1722. Mothe applied for citizenship and claimed he had learned to be a luthier during the years in Siberia and asked to be able to establish a workshop in Ängelholm. It is not known who taught violin making to Mothe but it has been assumed it is someone connected to Joachim Tielke in Hamburg due to the similarities in style.

Johan Georgs son Johan Jörgen was granted priviledges for luthier work in 1748 and he had a son called Önnert who practised violin building in the 19th century. Johan Georgs son in law, Jacob Hellman was also a luthier in Ängelholm and Carl Johan Broberg (Gothenburg) and Hans Severin Nyborg (Örkelljunga) were also apprentices at Mothes workshop. Two gambas, a violin from 1745 and at least two but probably four Double-deckers made by Johan Georg Mohte have been preserved but there are no known instruments by his son or grandson.

TypeViola da Gamba
LuthierJohan Georg Mothe
OriginÄngelholm, Skåne
Found inKulturen, Lund, Skåne
Playing strings6
Sympathetic strings0
External linkExternal link
Other instruments built by Johan Georg MotheMohteEdvinMohte 2KulturencellonAngeredsfiolen
Other instruments with tulip intarsiaTuppenKarlhamnsfiolenJamtlifiolenSpele-JockeDubbeltulpanenTrippeltulpanen
Other instruments with edge intarsiaMohteEdvinMohte 2Arwitgamban M285MeyergambanKulturencellonAngeredsfiolen
Other instruments with a lion headTuppenKarlhamnsfiolenElvisBulanGöteborgsfiolenEdvinSödlingTielkegamban M2475JamtlifiolenBostongambanKulturenfiolenArwitgamban M285DubbeltulpanenTrippeltulpanenKulturencellonAntikrundanfiolenAngeredsfiolen

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