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Svenska fioler med resonanssträngar

This viol (viola da gamba) is included in the collections of Kulturen in Lund. It is labelled "Jean George Mothe, Engelholm Ao 1735". Unfortunately I have no photos of this viol but there is a picture in Anne Nilssons book Fioler. Viols built by Mohte are quite similar to the instruments built by Rönnegren, with similar intarsia and lion head. The lion head on this particular viol is unfortunately damaged.

Johan Georg Mohte

Johan Georg Mohte was the first in a family of luthiers in Ängelholm, Skåne. The origin of the family is unknown but they might be from Germany or possibly France. The large variation of spelling of the name makes research harder, even the same individual could spell the name in different ways. Mohte, Mothe, Motte, Måtte, Mote and Moethe are variations that have been used. According to Bengt Nilssons Svensk fiolbyggarkonst Johannes Georg Mothe was born in Dresden in 1695 (or 1690) but Anne Nilsson (author of Fioler) is not sure whether he was born in Sweden or not. Mohte arrived to Ängelholm in 1723 and applied to live there. According to Nilsson and Nilsson Mohte aquired his professional skills in Russia where he was inprisoned for 14 years (I assume it was after the battle of Poltava 1709 after which many Swedes were captured and sent to Siberia). There are two centers for professional luthiers in Sweden during the 18th century, Stockholm and Skåne (Ängelholm) and the Mohte family is among the most influential in the later category. Mohte was inspired by Joachim Tielke in Hamburg and several of his instruments (viols) was similar to Tielkes. There is no evidence that Johan Georg ever was studying for Tielke but it is possible. Johan Georgs son Johan Jörgen was granted priviledges for luthier work in 1748 and he had a son called Önnert who practised violin building in the 19th century. Johan Georgs son in law, Jacob Hellman was also a luthier in Ängelholm.

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NameKulturengamban
TypeViola da Gamba
LuthierJohannes George Mothe
Year1735
OriginÄngelholm, Skåne
Found inKulturen, Lund, Skåne
Playing strings6
Sympathetic strings0
External linkExternal link
Other instruments built by Johannes George MotheKulturencellon
Other instruments with tulip intarsiaTuppenKarlhamnsfiolenJamtlifiolenSpele-JockeDubbeltulpanenTrippeltulpanen
Other instruments with edge intarsiaMohteEdvinMohte 2Arwitgamban M285MeyergambanKulturencellon
Other instruments with a lion headTuppenKarlhamnsfiolenElvisBulanGöteborgsfiolenEdvinSödlingTielkegamban M2475JamtlifiolenBostongambanKulturenfiolenArwitgamban M285DubbeltulpanenTrippeltulpanenKulturencellonNils Nilsson

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